Venezuela: 240 s-300 missiles ready to meet a flock of Tomahawks»
Venezuela is actively preparing for war. «We need to be ready to defend the Motherland with arms in hand if ever the North American Empire dare to encroach on this sacred ground,» said nicolás Maduro, speaking to the military in the state of Cojedes. It seems that this «someday» is now not far off, the country is close to the need to repel external aggression.
The turbulent political events that began in January began to fade after a while. The American plan for a color revolution in Venezuela did not work. However, the US had the next step in reserve — a military intervention, as a result of which the President of the country Maduro should be overthrown.
And here, too, there is a scenario tested in a number of countries. Guido, the incompetent leader of the opposition, in early May, has been actively talking about the fact that this situation requires intervention. Only it can put an end to the «criminal regime of Maduro» and replace the long-suffering country «totalitarianism» with «democracy».
Of course, Washington has already reacted to this «cry for help». However, so far only verbal. Us Secretary of state Mike Pompeo said that any options for further action on Venezuela are being considered. And that no one doubted that the United States is ready to take the most extreme measures, he said that the Russian anti-aircraft missile systems in service with Venezuela, will not prevent the United States to conduct a military operation against Maduro. The rhetoric is quite archaic. It reflected the reality at the beginning of the century, when nothing prevented our aircraft with the support of the armies of satellite countries, to strike at Afghanistan and Iraq, which did not have the slightest support from the outside.
However, in Syria, there was a bummer. Russia, which came to the aid of government troops, proved that American aviation is not so powerful. And that American pilots are not inclined to risk their lives, obeying the whims of Washington sages.
States understand only force. And running into a worthy rebuff, make a turn from the gate.
So how fair are Pompeo’s words that Russian SAMS is not a cause for concern for American pilots?
The previous Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez left the country, perhaps the strongest army in Latin America. This was achieved due to two circumstances. First, due to the huge oil reserves, the country could buy the necessary weapons for a strong army. And here it is necessary to allocate two periods. At first, when Caracas had normal relations with the «civilized world», NATO weapons were purchased. That is why, for example, the Venezuelan air force is widely represented by American military transport aircraft, as well as f-16 fighters. There are also British, French, Israeli military equipment. And we can not say that at the moment it is very outdated morally.
Chavez, having vigorously severed relations with the United States, became Russia’s economic and military partner. And China. It began purchasing Russian weapons. Moreover, if the States are persecuted in Venezuela the product is «not fresh», that Russia has provided Caracas highly relevant service.
However, after a while, when Venezuela became tight with the currency, the supply of Russian weapons became either barter, in exchange for oil, or at the expense of large long-term loans. The political partner in Latin America decided to support themselves to the detriment. However, it is not so great. From 2005 to 2017, weapons worth $ 11 billion were delivered. Since 2009, several loans have been provided totaling 6.2 billion. To date, the debt is 3.1 billion. It needs to be repaid by 2027.
At the same time, Russia and Venezuela are quite clearly demonstrating their military-technical cooperation. So, in December last year, two strategic missile carriers Tu-160 and heavy military transport aircraft An-124 Ruslan arrived to participate in joint military exercises (this is how this «military-diplomatic» visit was called).
So in the «prerussian» period, and «new» time, the country has accumulated considerable military potential.
The most powerful means of air defense are three divisions of mobile SAM S-300VM «Antey-2500» tracked chassis (NATO classification — «Gladiator»). The complex is military, which is designed to protect troops on the March. However, normally it can be integrated into the air defense system, protecting fixed areas of the country and the objects located on it. It is this option of using this SAM and implemented in the armed forces of Venezuela.S-300VM is able to intercept everything that flies — airplanes, helicopters, cruise missiles, short-and medium-range ballistic missiles. At the same time, the radar «invisibility» of the aircraft is not of fundamental importance for the complex — it is able to work with targets with EPR of the order of 0.02 sq. m. This is the value of the effective scattering area actually (and not in advertising brochures) of the new-fangled «invisible» aircraft.
The SAM consists of three radars of various types, which allows to increase the efficiency and reliability of detection of air targets, as well as to increase the accuracy of targeting missiles at them. Instrumental range radar of the circular review «Review-3» phased array reaches 330 km Fighters are found at 200-250 km, bombers and AWACS — 300 km There is a station sector review «Ginger», which scans the space in two planes with the speed of the processes occurring in semiconductors. This is achieved by not mechanical, and the electron beam deflection and vertically and horizontally. Finally, there is a multi-channel missile guidance station. In addition, each launcher has its own radar backlight target. Ammunition of one division — 80 missiles, three — 240.
With aircraft and cruise missiles missile s-300VM (two 9M82 and 9M83) are straightened at distances up to 250 km Altitude interception from 25 m to 30 km in repelling the attack of ballistic missiles, the range of the complex is 40 km away. A significant advantage of «Antey-2500» is its versatility in relation to the aerodynamic and ballistic targets. In this connection, the complex is equally considered a means of air defense and missile DEFENSE. The anti-missile, maneuvering with an overload of 30 g, is able to shoot down missiles with a speed of 4500 m/s, that is, about 13.5 M.
This means that the preferred method of attack by the United States is unlikely to be successful. After all, they prefer to act with maximum caution, adjusting to the distance of the volley submarines, and releasing from a safe distance subsonic cruise missiles «Tomahawk», having a maximum range of 1600 km. the Probability of interception «Tomahawk» one missile S-300VM — 0.7−0.8. Even if the Americans will adjust to Venezuela heels of their «Virginia» (each of 12 «Tomahawks»), which is unlikely, it will not give significant results.
However, these complex Venezuelan air defense forces are not limited. There are 12 SAM «Buk-2МЭ» medium-range missiles. They are able to intercept aircraft at a distance of 50 km, cruise missiles — 26 km. And the complex is quite modern, adopted in 2008.
SAM near zone «tor-M1» belongs to the Soviet period. This is a short-range complex, carrying out interception at a distance of 1 km to 16 km. On one mobile unit, there are 16 missiles with high dynamics and flight speed — 30 g, 3 M.
However, «Thor», and another Soviet complex With-125 — pose a serious threat to enemy aircraft. It is a missile SAM S-125 20 years ago in Yugoslavia shot down a plane-«invisible» F-117. If Americans tried to intimidate the whole world, arguing that it is impossible to bring down either practically or theoretically. So the embarrassment was large-scale. It should be borne in mind that in Venezuela is already used Russian self-propelled modification of the complex — S-125 «Pechora-2M», capable of shooting down and cruise missiles.
Of course, there is a sufficient number of portable SAMS — Russian «Igla-S» and French quite good «Mistrals».
Until 2006, Venezuelan fighter aircraft were represented only by 12 American f-16A light fighters. And then began deliveries of multi-purpose Russian su-30MK2V fighters, which are designed primarily to gain dominance in the sky. There are two dozen in the air force now. So an easy walk of American bombers in the Venezuelan skies are expected.
It would be possible, of course, to talk about the universal landing ships of us marine Corps, about the massive landing on the Venezuelan coast. But none of this will happen. Americans are able to start land operations only after the aircraft destroys the enemy’s military infrastructure. But, as we predicted above, the sense of us air aggression will not. And the Pentagon will not dare to throw the Marines into the Inferno, which is prepared for them by the presence of almost 70 thousand. the army, almost three hundred tanks, one and a half hundred artillery self-propelled installations of various calibers and seventy jet systems of volley fire.
So the statement Pompeo on the inability of the Russian air defense systems to thwart the success of the military operations against Venezuela can be answered by saying «Not say Ho until they are hatched».