Su-35 against F-22: Russian pilot must hold out for two minutes
On the Internet appeared the video of the fight in the melee between the French fourth generation fighter Dassault Rafale and the «patrocinium» F-22 Raptor. «American» twice fell into the crosshairs of the French sighting system. And, therefore, was conditionally shot down.
Actually, that’s not so new. In 2013, a video of training battles between these two fighters was released, which took place in 2009 in the United Arab Emirates as part of the program for NATO aviation pilots and partner countries of the Northern Alliance «advanced tactical leadership Course». Then the «Rafale» was head and shoulders stronger, with four victories in five fights.
It is necessary to say that according to the scenario, all the fights between the planes took place at close range, where Raptor does not feel too confident. Despite the statements of the developers that the machine, which has a deflected thrust vector of the engines (though only in the vertical plane), has excellent maneuverability. It is no coincidence that the F-22 was created exclusively for the conquest of air supremacy. And then, when the global trend of fighter aircraft became multitasking, Raptor, as far as possible, strengthened the function of strikes on ground targets.
However, the video from the UAE refutes the statement of high maneuverability, showing how the American plane for a long time as if glued to the crosshairs of the «Rafal». And after all, the French fourth generation aircraft is not highly maneuverable. Americans like this result, of course, was offensive. So they tried to explain the loss of his fighter, considered the best in the world, «wrong rules of the game.» Among these explanations and a rather strange — supposedly the «Raptor» was attached to the external fuel tanks. What for? To give the French a head start? It seems that they do not know the answer themselves because no external elements on the silhouette of the F-22 are visible on the video.
This clarification of the circumstances of what prevents the dancer in contact dance took place 6 years ago. Now the situation has changed. Now the Americans do not hide the fact that in the melee «Raptor» is not the strongest aircraft. Especially against the background of the Russian super-maneuverable machines. The pilots of the F-22 elite unit, which is trained to fight with Russian fighters from the squadron «Aggressors», has repeatedly admitted that the melee for them is an emergency. That it should be avoided, making a maximum of skill.
And here it is necessary to say that relatively recently the network has made a lot of noise screenshot sighting system of the Russian fighter, which is clearly visible silhouette «Raptor». This photo was taken in Syria, where these planes sometimes meet each other.
But if the melee is a weak side of the American fighter, that is, it has very strong sides. Since the «Raptor» to the maximum applied stealth technology, he is strong in the battles at medium and long range, thanks to its stealth.
But is this an undeniable advantage over the su-35S at distances that are crowned for the F-22?
If we solve this problem, as they say, head-on, using only one arithmetic, the chances of winning the Russian aircraft is not so much. «American» will see on the radar «Russian» before, respectively, before the rocket will release and record the victory in its asset.
However, there are nuances. The su-35S still reduced visibility due to the partial use of stealth technologies. Not to the level of «American», and to the value of the EPR of the order of 0.7 sq. m. Therefore, the American radar AN/APG-77 is able to see the Russian aircraft from a distance of 150 km. In this connection, the capabilities of the air-to-air missile of a large radius of action AIM-120D, having a range of 180 km will not be fully used.
Russian radar station «IRBIS» detects a target with RCS of 0.01 square meters (that’s how much the «Raptor», despite the underestimation of this parameter for advertising purposes) at the distance of 90 km away And there is a corresponding rocket, covering the distance — R-27. Its range is 110 km.
However, any inclusion of radar significantly increases the visibility of the aircraft due to the powerful and directional electromagnetic radiation. That is, detecting the su-35, «Raptor» simultaneously gives its location. Although the Americans claim that the radar radiation is almost impossible to detect due to the low level of the signal and its complex digital processing. That’s weird. What kind of complex processing can we talk about, having a microprocessor with a frequency of 25 MHz in the avionics?
So the inclusion of radars for the F-22 is extremely dangerous because in the Arsenal of the Russian fighter have the R-37 has a range of 300 km. the Russian pilot, realizing that the «American» after seeing the su-35, already fired a missile, preparing for the missile to maneuver. And he, considering the maneuverability of a fighter is likely to be successful.
Simultaneously, the su-35S will be alerted aircraft defense system. That will further reduce the chances of the American pilot to succeed. At a greater length of the aim-120D missile flight, its trajectory is corrected by a GPS satellite signal. And then the active radar homing head turns on. The electronic warfare systems of su-35S are able to suppress the GPS signal and cause interference with the radar seeker, taking the rocket to the side. As for the Raptor, it has no EW complex.
It must be said that the «Raptor», as, indeed, and other American fighters largely rely on the information received from the AWACS aircraft. The EW complex of the Russian fighter is able to block this channel, which will reduce the combat capability of the F-22. It is also possible to eliminate the source of this information — a large AWACS is perfectly visible on the su-35S radar at a very long distance, it is about 300 km. Accordingly, the R-37 missile has the same range.
The F-22 does not have a number of systems, which has su-35S. There are two reasons for this. First, the aircraft began to be developed in the mid-80-ies. And modern systems were then considered irrelevant. Secondly, when the Ministry of the air force began to demand the introduction of additional functions in the fighter, the cost of the development and future production of the Raptor soared to the skies. For the same reason, the production of the F-22 was cut to two hundred cars. The raptor has no infrared target detection or tracking system. Such systems are called IRST ((Infra-Red Search and Track). They allow you to scan the airspace in search of enemy aircraft in passive mode, that is — without revealing themselves. Because no waves that catch the sensors of the enemy aircraft, it does not emit.
Also, there is no optical-location system with television and thermal imaging channels. At su-35S its range reaches 80 km. This means that at night «Raptor» has fewer combat capabilities.
Also, the Russian aircraft has a much larger payload — 8 tons against 3.5 tons. That is, in combat, the su-35S can use more missiles.
So that begs the quite natural conclusion that in a battle at long range the chances of these aircraft are approximately equal. And the decisive role will be played by the skill of the pilots.
In conclusion, we recall that the convergence of these aircraft at afterburner speed battle at long range will grow into a battle at close range in less than 2 minutes. And we already told about its result at the beginning.