American stealth fighter-bombers F-35A (ground) and F-35C (for aircraft carriers) will receive a “killer of Russian radars”, according to the American Internet resource The Drive. However, this event will happen not today and not tomorrow, but in the second half of the next decade.
We are talking about the air-based anti-radar supersonic missile AARGM-ER (Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile-Extended Range). It is developed by Northrop Grumman on the basis of a contract worth 322.5 million dollars signed with the air force in March this year.
Characteristics are not disclosed. It is only known that the range of the missile should exceed 130 kilometers, and the speed at the approach to the target will be equal to 2 M, that is, twice the speed of sound.
The missile is not created from scratch. It will be the modification of mass-produced since 1982 missile family, AGM-88. Namely — the last adopted in 2010 anti-radar missile AGM-88E, which with the help of modern technology as much as possible eliminated the shortcomings of older missiles. But the problem was enough. Thus, in Iraq, the AGM-88D missile launched by the F-16 fighter destroyed the radar of the American Patriot air defense system. The main idea of the current modernization to a minimum extent involves the improvement of tactical and technical characteristics. It is necessary to reduce the size of the rocket so that it could be “shoved” into the inner compartment of the fighter-bomber F-35. Finding a rocket on the external suspension significantly increases the radar visibility of the aircraft. This is evidenced by the statement of Matthew Commerford, Manager of the corresponding program for the modernization of us air force General Directorate of weapons: “the New missile provides, in comparison with the AGM-88E, the same lethality, but in smaller dimensions.”
Therefore, with a high probability we can assume that the new modification, which is called AGM-88G, the parameters will be very close to AGM-88E. However, maybe due to the decrease in the volume of solid fuel, its range will be somewhat podsokratitsya.
So, what can the AGM-88E? The missile is equipped with a passive radar homing head. It can deal with radars, even in the case of turning off its transmitter. In this case, the coordinates of the radar are pre-detected. And after turning off the transmitter, the rocket goes not to the radiation (which is disabled), but to the coordinates on the GPS signal. Also, AGM-88E is able to respond to radar, which constantly changes the frequency of direction finding by random law. It is equipped with a dual-mode solid-fuel jet engine so that at the final stretch of the flight develops supersonic speed.
In the AGM-88E exists a transfer mode radar seeker from passive to active mode. This makes it possible to use the missile not only against electromagnetic wave-emitting antennas but also against other elements of ground-based SAMS — missile launchers, command vehicles, power supply systems. It costs AGM-88E nearly a million dollars.
Performance characteristics of the rocket are as follows
Length — 417 cm
Diameter — 25.4 cm
A wingspan of 112 cm
A mass of 361 kg
Cruising speed — subsonic
Finishing speed — 2 M
The maximum range of flight — 170 km
Weight of the warhead — 70 kg
In the prospectus on the rocket says that it has a high noise immunity. However, there are ways to deal with it. In the Russian radio troops, there are a number of systems that allow you to “cheat” GOS missiles AGM-88E, passing into active mode. The “smart” method is a digital analysis taken from the launch of the scanning signals for the purpose of issuing a malformed response that desorientiert rocket.
If the radar transmitter is turned off and the missile starts to follow the GPS signal, the satellite positioning signal is suppressed.
There is also a method similar to the principle of shooting aircraft heat traps. Ground radar is equipped with “false targets” for anti-radar missiles. At a considerable distance installed antenna traps that emit a more powerful than the working antenna signal. And the missile does not have the technical ability to determine where the working antenna is, and where the “blende”. Of course, antenna traps are “consumable”.
And what have the Russian air force? Two anti-radar missiles. Their latest, most effective modifications are-X-31PD and X-58USHKE (TP).
X-31PD easier “American.” GOS has only a broadband passive radio receiver. It also reacts to the enemy’s floating radar frequency. But the rocket is much more powerful. Its range is 250 km. In this connection, there is an inertial flight control channel. The maximum speed is 3.1 M. It is provided by a ramjet engine. The mass of the cassette warhead is 110 kilograms. And this despite the fact that the length of the rocket is only 110 centimeters longer than the AGM-88E, and the diameter is 11 centimeters. The missile is equipped with the last two Russian fighter — MiG-35 and su-35S.
X-58УШКЭ (TP) established by the Corporation “Tactical missiles” specifically for the fifth generation fighter, the su-57. The missile has a higher capability of hitting targets than the “American”, due to the interesting concept of building the GOS. In addition, it is more versatile.
This rocket has a two-channel GOS, which includes a passive broadband receiver of electromagnetic waves and a television camera. When you turn off the enemy radar transmitter in the event of a missile attack, the last modification of the X-58 is sent to the target, using its visual image. That is, the missile, unlike the AGM-88E, is not afraid of suppression by means of electronic counteraction of the GPS signal.In this case, the presence of a television camera allows you to use the X-58USHKE (TP) and against non-emitting ground objects — and not only included in the SAM, but also against command posts, engineering structures, armored vehicles and other military equipment of the enemy. The circular probable deviation from the target is 3-5 meters. With a weight of 150 kg, this deviation is absolutely insignificant.
Rocket X-58USHKE (TP) is still under test. However, AGM-88D is not yet ready to even in working drawings.
The TTX of the new Russian anti-radar missile is as follows
Length — 419 cm
Diameter — 38 cm
Wingspan — 80 cm
Weight — 650 kg
The maximum speed is 3.4 M
The maximum flight range of 250 km
Weight of the warhead — 150 kg
And in conclusion, it should be said that due to the complication of both the reputation and the economic situation with regard to the F-35, Lockheed-Martin is starting to spread absolutely fake news. A week ago, it was announced that a hypersonic missile was created for the F-35C. And even there was an image of the aircraft with something suspended under the fuselage.
But these mythmakers from Lockheed-Martin were not satisfied, saying that all the work on the introduction of the missile into the aircraft armament system should be completed before the end of this year. If the American designers intend to modernize the existing anti-radar missile for 6 years, then what Hyper-missile can we talk about by the end of the year?